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How to Cite Sources: How to Cite AI-Generated Content


Please continue to check for changes to the recent guidelines as they become available. 

APA Guidelines for AI-Generated Content

APA Guidelines: How to cite ChatGPT (


APA format: OpenAI. (Year). ChatGPT (Month Day version) [Large language model].

APA reference entry: OpenAI. (2023). ChatGPT (Feb 13 version) [Large language model].

APA in-text citation: (OpenAI, 2023)

Example 1 from APA Guideline

When prompted with "Is the left brain right brain divide real or a metaphor?" the ChatGPT-generated text indicated that although the two brain hemispheres are somewhat specialized, "the notation that people can be characterized as 'left-brained' or 'right-brained' is considered to be an oversimplification and a popular myth" (OpenAI, 2023). 


OpenAI. (2023). ChatGPT (Mar 14 version) [Large language model].

Example 2 from APA Guideline

When given a follow-up prompt of "What is a more accurate representation?" the ChatGPT-generated text indicated that "different brain regions work together to support various cognitive processes" and "the functional specialization of different regions can change in response to experience and environmental factors" (OpenAI, 2023; see Appendix A for the full transcript). 


OpenAI. (2023). ChatGPT (Mar 14 version) [Large language model].

MLA Guidelines for AI-Generated Content


Guideline: How do I cite generative AI in MLA style? | MLA Style Center


MLA format: "Text of prompt" prompt. ChatGPT, Day Month version, OpenAI, Day Month Year,

MLA Works Cited entry: "Explain antibiotics" prompt. ChatGPT, 13 Feb. version, OpenAI, 16 Feb. 2023,

MLA in-text citation: ("Explain antibiotics")


Chicago Guidelines for AI-Generated Content


Guidelines: FAQ Item (


Chicago style recommends citing ChatGPT in a Chigaco footnote

1. Text generated by ChatGPT, March 31, 2023, OpenAI,

IEEE Guidelines for AI-Generated Content

According to the Guidelines from Artificial Intelligence (AI)-Generated Text (based on IEEE Author Center Submission Guidelines). The use of content generated by artificial intelligence (AI) (including but not limited to text, figures, images, and code) shall be disclosed in an acknowledgments section. The AI system used shall be identified, and specific sections of the document that use AI-generated content shall be identified and accompanied by a brief explanation regarding the level at which the AI system was used to generate the content. The use of AI systems for editing and grammar enhancement should be disclosed, as noted above.

IEEE has not published an official guideline on citing AI-generated content yet. The IEEE Author Center recommends consulting the Chicago Manual of Style for guidance for any usage not included in the IEEE Editorial Style Manual. The Chicago Manual of Style has recommendations on how to cite AI-generated content.