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African American Massacres in the U.S.A.

This guide provides information and links to websites that detail the many racially inspired slaughters of African Americans in the United States of America by those considered white Americans.

Racial violence against African Americans in the U.S.A.

Racial Violence against Americans of African descent has been documented throughout the history of the United States of America. Sometimes called "riots" and other times "massacres," these incidents in America's history reveal a forgotten history of the number of African American lives lost at hands of white aggressors.  This page offers a soul-searching reflection on the racism seen as systemic today and fuels the cry of many that Black Lives Matter.

The Oxford English Dictionary defines “riot” as “a violent disturbance of the peace by a crowd; an outbreak of violent civil disorder or lawlessness,” and a “massacre” as “the indiscriminate and brutal slaughter of people…”  There is not much difference between the two once you see the shear number and cruelty of many of these attacks. All were carried out to suppress human rights or in anger towards those seeking equal rights or trying to exert their rights.

"massacre, n." OED Online, Oxford University Press, June 2020,

"riot, n." OED Online, Oxford University Press, June 2020,

For a curated list of resources on Black Lives Matter go to the Gale In context: Opposing Viewpoints Database or Films on Demand

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St. Johns River State College, an equal access institution, prohibits discrimination in its employment, programs, activities, policies and procedures based on race, sex, gender, gender identity, age, color, religion, national origin, ethnicity, disability, pregnancy, sexual orientation, marital status, genetic information or veteran status. Questions pertaining to education equity, equal access or equal opportunity should be addressed to the College Title IX Coordinator/Equity Officer: Charles Romer, Room A0173, 5001 St. Johns Avenue, Palatka, FL 32177; (386) 312-4074; Anonymous reporting is available at Inquiries/complaints can be filed with the Title IX Coordinator/Equity Officer online, in person, via mail, via email or with the US Department of Education, Office of Civil Rights, Atlanta Office, 61 Forsyth St. SW Suite 19T10, Atlanta, GA 30303-8927. | St. Johns River State College is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges (SACSCOC) to award associate and baccalaureate degrees. Questions about the accreditation of St. Johns River State College may be directed in writing to the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges at 1866 Southern Lane, Decatur, Georgia 30033-4097, by calling 404-679-4500, or by using information available on SACSCOC’s website (